Autoimmune processes refer to the body's immune system mistakenly attacking healthy cells and tissues. There are a variety of autoimmune conditions that can affect the hair, including alopecia areata, which is a condition that causes hair loss in patches, and lupus, which is a chronic autoimmune disorder that can cause hair loss among other symptoms.
In autoimmune conditions that affect the hair, the immune system attacks the hair follicles, leading to hair loss. Treatment for autoimmune conditions that cause hair loss may involve medications that suppress the immune system or that target specific immune system pathways. It is important to speak with a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.